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Your Rights
Religious Discrimination: State Law

Religious discrimination is treating individuals differently in their employment because of their religion, their religious beliefs and practices, and/or their request for accommodation (a change in a workplace rule or policy) of their religious beliefs and practices. It also includes treating individuals differently in their employment because of their lack of religious belief or practice. The law protects not only people who belong to traditional organized religions such as the Christian, Muslim, Jewish, or other faiths, but all people who have sincerely held religious, ethical, or moral beliefs. If you have been rejected for employment, fired, harassed or otherwise harmed in your employment because of your religion, your religious beliefs and practices, and/or your request for accommodation of your religious beliefs and practices, you may have suffered unlawful religious discrimination. 

In addition to the federal government, some states have adopted a state version of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act while other states provide similar Religious Freedom protections in their state constitutions.

Alabama
Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut 
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii 
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Iowa
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Montana
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey 
New Mexico
New York 
North Carolina 
North Dakota 
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina 
South Dakota 
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
West Virginia 
Wisconsin
Wyoming

Alabama

Alabama has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.

Alaska

Alaska has not adopted a state level version of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act; however, recent case law within this state has provided Religious Freedom Restoration Act like provisions that the state must abide by.  Please check back on potential developments surrounding the adoption of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, but in the meantime because there is not state law adopted, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Arizona

Arizona has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  There is no employee minimum to file a claim under state law.

Arkansas

Arkansas has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 9 employees.

California

California does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Colorado

Colorado does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Connecticut

Connecticut has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level. To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 3 employees.

Delaware

Delaware does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

District of Columbia

The District of Columbia does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Florida

Florida has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 15 employees.

Georgia

Georgia currently has pending legislation regarding the adoption of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  Please check back at a later date to determine the status of this legislation.  Minimum of 15 employees to file a claim under state law.

Hawaii

Hawaii currently has pending legislation regarding the adoption of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  Please check back at a later date to determine the status of this legislation.  No employee minimum to file a claim under state law

Idaho

Idaho has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level. To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 5 employees.

Illinois

Illinois has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 15 employees.

Indiana

Indiana has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 6 employees.

Iowa

Iowa does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Kansas

Kansas has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 4 employees.

Kentucky

Kentucky has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 8 employees.

Louisiana

Louisiana has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 20 employees.

Maine

Maine has not adopted a state level version of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act; however, recent case law within this state has provided Religious Freedom Restoration Act like provisions that the state must abide by.  Please check back on potential developments surrounding the adoption of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, but in the meantime because there is not state law adopted, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Maryland

Maryland does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Massachusetts

Massachusetts has not adopted a state level version of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act; however, recent case law within this state has provided Religious Freedom Restoration Act like provisions that the state must abide by.  Minimum of 6 employees to file a claim under state law.

Michigan

Michigan currently has pending legislation regarding the adoption of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  Please check back at a later date to determine the status of this legislation.  No employee minimum to file a claim under state law.

Minnesota

Minnesota has not adopted a state level version of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act; however, recent case law within this state has provided Religious Freedom Restoration Act like provisions that the state must abide by.  Please check back on potential developments surrounding the adoption of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, but in the meantime because there is not state law adopted, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Mississippi

Mississippi has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level, but because Mississippi has no state anti-discrimination law, a claim cannot be filed with the state for discrimination purposes.  Thus, the claim must be filed with the EEOC.

Missouri

Missouri has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 6 employees.

Montana

Montana has not adopted a state level version of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act; however, recent case law within this state has provided Religious Freedom Restoration Act like provisions that the state must abide by.  Please check back on potential developments surrounding the adoption of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, but in the meantime because there is not state law adopted, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Nebraska

Nebraska does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Nevada

Nevada currently has pending legislation regarding the adoption of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  Please check back at a later date to determine the status of this legislation.  Minimum of 15 employees to file a claim under state law.

New Hampshire

New Hampshire does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

New Jersey

New Jersey does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

New Mexico

New Mexico has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 4 employees.

New York

New York does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

North Carolina

North Carolina currently has pending legislation regarding the adoption of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  Please check back at a later date to determine the status of this legislation.  Minimum of 15 employees to file a claim under state law.

North Dakota

North Dakota does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Ohio

Ohio has not adopted a state level version of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act; however, recent case law within this state has provided Religious Freedom Restoration Act like provisions that the state must abide by.  Please check back on potential developments surrounding the adoption of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, but in the meantime because there is not state law adopted, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Oklahoma

Oklahoma has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  There is no employee minimum to file a claim under state law.

Oregon

Oregon does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 4 employees.

Rhode Island

Rhode Island has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 4 employees.

South Carolina

South Carolina has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 15 employees.

South Dakota

South Dakota does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Tennessee

Tennessee has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level. To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 8 employees.

Texas

Texas has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 15 employees.

Utah

Utah has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 15 employees.

Vermont

Vermont does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Virginia

Virginia has enacted the Religious Freedom Restoration Act at the state level.  To file a claim under state law, your employer must employ a minimum of 6-19 employees.

Washington

Washington has not adopted a state level version of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act; however, recent case law within this state has provided Religious Freedom Restoration Act like provisions that the state must abide by.  Please check back on potential developments surrounding the adoption of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, but in the meantime because there is not state law adopted, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

West Virginia

West Virginia does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Wisconsin

Wisconsin has not adopted a state level version of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act; however, recent case law within this state has provided Religious Freedom Restoration Act like provisions that the state must abide by.  Please check back on potential developments surrounding the adoption of the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, but in the meantime because there is not state law adopted, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.

Wyoming

Wyoming does not have the Religious Freedom Restoration Act enacted at the state level.  Thus, in order to file a claim for religious discrimination, you must file a claim with the EEOC at the federal level.  Please refer back to the main discrimination page for more information about filing a claim with the EEOC.




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