Black Womenâ€™s Equal Pay DayÂ falls on August 3 this year. Thatâ€™s the day when, starting on January 1, 2020, Black women have finally been paid what white men were paid in 2020Â alone.
Equal Pay Day, the day observing this marker for women overall in the U.S., fell on March 24 this year. Latina Equal Pay Day wonâ€™t come until October.
This means Black women who work full-time all year have to work an extra 214 daysâ€”more than seven months longer than white non-Hispanic menâ€”to earn the same amount of money. Obviously, theyâ€™re not getting a seven-month discount on their rent and groceries.
It takes us this long to get to Black Womenâ€™s Equal Pay Day because Black women make just 63 cents for every dollar paid to white men, a gross disparity that will cost the average Black woman more than $24,000 a year and more than $960,000 in her lifetime. Itâ€™s a disparity that isnâ€™t going away anytime soon: At the rate this pay gap has closed over the past 30 years, Black women wonâ€™t be getting equal pay until the year 2130.
â€ťIt also has ripple effects that mean Black women miss key opportunities throughout their lifetimes to build wealth and future economic security for themselves and their families,â€ť the National Women’s Law Center’s Jasmine Tucker reports. â€śThe wage gap means many cannot save enough to afford a down payment on a home, cannot afford to pay for their own or a childâ€™s higher education, cannot start a business or save for retirement. It is no surprise, then, that white families have eight times the wealth of Black families or that single Black women own $200 in wealth for every $28,900 single white men own.â€ť
During the pandemic, Black women have been hit especially hard by unemployment. â€śNearly one in five Black women (18.3%) lost their jobs between February 2020 and April 2020, compared with 13.2% of white men,â€ť the Economic Policy Institute’s Valerie Wilson writes. â€śAs of June 2021, Black womenâ€™s employment was still 5.1 percentage points below February 2020 levels, while white men were down 3.7 percentage points.â€ť
At the same time, Black women in jobs critically important to getting the nation through the pandemic have continued to be paid less than their white male counterparts, from physicians to nurses to teachers to cashiers. Companies can make a difference to the Black women who work for them by prioritizing equity. Unions help close pay gaps for their members. Every data point we have shows that the pay gap is structural, and that means it requires government action to correct on a meaningful scale.
Even if pay inequality were magically eradicated, Black people would still face systemic effects of the wealth inequality thatâ€™s been developed over generations of racist policy. But it would be a start.
Tucker offers a list of policies that would help close the gap: â€śsupport policies that expand and strengthen federal and state unemployment insurance programs; expand access to comprehensive health coverage, including reproductive care;Â bolster equal pay laws; increase the wages of women in low-paid jobs by raising the minimum wage; protect workersâ€™ ability to join unions and collectively bargain; expand the availability of high-quality, affordable child care; and provide paid family and medical leave.â€ť These moves would help a great many workers beyond Black women, of course, but eliminating avenues for employers to exploitÂ and oppress workersÂ especially helps the workers who are now most oftenÂ exploited and oppressed.
This blog originally appeared at DailyKos on August 3, 2021. Reprinted with permission.
About the author: Laura ClawsonÂ has been a Daily Kos contributing editor since December 2006 and a full-time staff since 2011, currently acting as assistant managing editor.