At 3 p.m. on August 16, 2012, Duquan â€śDayâ€ť Davis reported to work at a Bacardi bottling plant in Jacksonville, Florida. It was his first day on the job, on assignment for Remedy Intelligent Staffing, a temporary employment agency. For Davis, 21, a recent graduate of the federal Job Corps program, the temp job at Bacardi was his first job ever.
Less than two hours after showing up for his first shift, Davis was dead. The young worker had been sent to clean out broken bottles that were clogging a palletizer. While he was out of sight, the machine was started up again, crushing him to death.
In Feb. 2013, OSHA cited Bacardi for 12 safety violations and proposed $192,000 in fines against the company, finding that the firm had not trained temporary employees â€“ or its full-time employees â€“ on the lock out and tag out procedure that could have prevented the start-up of the machine that killed Davis. “A worker’s first day at work shouldn’t be his last day on earth,” said Dr. David Michaels, Assistant Secretary of Labor for Occupational Safety and Health.
The fine against Bacardi was later reduced to $110,000. Remedy Intelligent Staffing â€“ Davisâ€™ actual employer â€“ was never cited. The temp firm is part of the Select Family of Staffing Companies, Americaâ€™s fourth-largest industrial temp agency, with $1.9 billion in revenue in 2012.
Davisâ€™ story â€“ and the heartbreak felt by the family and fiancĂ©e he left behind â€“ is hauntingly told in the independent documentary â€śA Dayâ€™s Work.â€ť The film was produced by David DeSario, himself a former temp worker. It features Barbara Rahke, executive director of PhilaPOSH and board chair of National COSH, and was screened at the National Conference on Worker Safety and Health in June of this year.
â€śA Dayâ€™s Workâ€ť is gaining attention at film festivals and from labor and safety audiences in cities across the country.Â You can see the documentary at upcoming screenings Â in Massachusetts, Colorado, Florida, New Jersey, and Washington DC.
This year, some 14 million Americans will work on assignment to a temporary agency. Three years after Davisâ€™ tragic death, only a few states have laws on the books that offer protections for temporary workers, among them Massachusetts and California.
- In 2012, after successful lobbying by MassCOSH and other groups, Massachusetts passed the Temp Workers Right to Know Law. It requires agencies to key details of job assignments, in writing, to temp workers.
- In 2014, following a push by WorkSafe, SoCalCOSH and other advocacy groups, the California legislature passed a law will requiring host employers and their staffing firms to take joint responsibility for the health, safety, and rights of temporary employees.
Too often, temp agencies and host employers still try to pass off responsibility for proper safety procedures. The host company says: â€śTheyâ€™re not our employees.â€ť The temp agency says, â€śItâ€™s not our workplace.â€ť As a result, workers fall through the cracks. A review of data in five states by the investigative news website ProPublica found that temps are 36 to 72 percent more likely to get injured at work than full-time employees.
Thatâ€™s why safety advocates are calling for national standards. Recommendations from National COSH, the National Staffing Workers Alliance and the Occupational Health and Safety Section of the American Public Health Association include:
- A clear definition of responsibilities of host employers and temporary staffing agencies in complying with the health and safety laws
- A written policy specifying health and safety training requirements for temporary staffing agencies
- Increased and better tracking of injury and illnesses for temps
- Improved protocols when OSHA investigates incidents involving temporary employees.
For more information on temp workers, see the National COSH Campaigns page.
Also, check out upcoming screenings of â€śA Dayâ€™s Workâ€ť in Massachusetts, Colorado, Florida, New Jersey, and Washington DC.Â To schedule a screening of â€śA Dayâ€™s Workâ€ť in your community, contact: TempEmployees@gmail.com
This blog originally appeared at Coshnetwork.org on August 13, 2015. Reprinted with permission.
National COSH links the efforts of local worker health and safety coalitions in communities across the United States, advocating for elimination of preventable hazards in the workplace. â€śPreventable Deaths 2015,â€ť a National COSH report, describes workplace fatalities in the United States and how they can be prevented. For more information, please visit coshnetwork.org. Follow us at National Council for Occupational Safety and Health on Facebook, and @NationalCOSH on Twitter.