The COVID-19 pandemic has laid bare a simple truth: We can be well as a society only if all working people are well.
Our health, both physical and economic, is interconnected. Throughout the past nine months, policies that reflect this interdependency and inherent human dignity have kept many individuals afloat. Going forward, policymakers must further embrace those values and work to ensure an equitable recovery that prioritizes the Black, Indigenous, and Latinx (across race) people who have already overcome so much.
People in the U.S. have lost over 300,000 loved ones to COVID-19 this year, and at least 26 million workers continue to face job or wage loss because of the pandemic-related economic downturn. Decades of systemic racism in health, labor, and economic policies ensured that the COVID-19 crisis has harmed disproportionately the health and economic security of Black, Indigenous, and Latinx people.
Incarcerated people, who are disproportionately Black, Indigenous, and Latinx, have been left to die behind bars at alarming rates. Roughly one in five individuals in prison has contracted the virusâ€”more than four times the rate outside. And the communities located near prisons quickly saw spikes in COVID-19 cases as well. Policymakers largely ignored the people in our jails and prisons during this pandemic, and that immoral choice has been to our collective detriment.
Nothing can bring back the lives lost during this pandemic, but working people can demand that their elected officials focus on enhancing equity as the economy begins to recover. To that end, policymakers must prioritize working people of color, including the 70 million people with arrest or conviction records, who are also disproportionately Black, Indigenous, and Latinx. People with records are organizing across the country to transform institutions and rules. They call for policies that recognize their inherent dignity and ensure access by their families and communities to housing, food, and safe, living-wage jobs.
Racism in both the criminal legal system and hiring means people of color frequently face barriers to supporting their families and communities through work. Following decades of mass incarceration, nearly one in three U.S. adults now has a record that can show up on an employment-related background check. And because racism permeates every stage of the criminal legal systemâ€”from policing and sentencing to parole and supervisionâ€”Black and Latinx people are disproportionately criminalized and more likely to have a record and be treated unfairly across society because of it. Even before the pandemic, formerly incarcerated people faced higher levels of unemployment than during the Great Depression. Compounding that problem, racist hiring decisions by employers mean that the stigma of any record is more likely to inhibit the job prospects of Black and Latinx workers, particularly Black women.
But workers with records are calling on employers and policymakers to remove job barriers. Recognizing that laws often block workers with records from entire professions, some grassroots campaigns have focused on unfair occupational licensing background checks. Nationwide, more than one in four jobs require an occupational license or certification, which are often denied to people with an arrest or conviction record. The relevant laws and regulations vary by state, occupation, and job setting, weaving a maze of restrictions that can be difficult to navigate. That tangle of often-draconian occupational constraints is in desperate need of reform.
But where can reformers begin? One strategic approach is to focus on reducing barriers to jobs in high-demand industries. Many growing sectorsâ€”such as healthcare, childcare, and educationâ€”are also highly regulated. While restrictions to ensure health and safety are necessary, many record-related exclusions are not tailored to those goals and serve only punitive ends. In addition to preventing formerly incarcerated individuals from moving forward, such policies unnecessarily shrink the workforce and punish the families and communities of color that have been most impacted by mass incarceration.
NELP analyzed jobs data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics to identify growing occupations and examined the laws regulating those professions in eight states: Colorado, Delaware, Indiana, Louisiana, Michigan, Ohio, Oregon, and Tennessee. For each state, NELP developed a short fact sheet identifying the growing occupations and highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of the laws governing access to those careers by people with arrest and conviction records. While the laws and economic trends vary by state, some common themes emerged. In most states, jobs in healthcare (e.g., nurses, nursing assistants, home health aides), education, childcare, and private security have grown in recent years. The state-level restrictions for those occupations vary, but every state can better curb the unchecked discretion of agencies to deny a license or certification based on conviction records by adopting reforms that accomplish the following:
- Limit the scope of the record inquiry because unlimited and unguided discretion leads to inconsistent and discriminatory decisions, often based on race and national origin.
- Require boards and agencies to justify denials after considering common-sense factors related to relevancy.
- Mandate consideration by boards and agencies of evidence of rehabilitation and mitigating circumstances.
These changes would improve access by people with a record to careers in growing fields. For more information about these policy recommendations, please visit NELPâ€™s â€śfair chance licensingâ€ť webpage.
In recent months, the workers most impacted by the pandemic and economic crisis have repeatedly signaled that society must not merely â€śgo back to normalâ€ť and restore the status quo. Instead, they demand a broader vision for racial and economic justiceâ€”a future in which everyone can thrive and Black women are centered, not excluded. Policymakers must prioritize those demands from workers of color, including demands for fair access to work by people with records. As individuals with records seek to enter growing, licensed occupations across the nation, policymakers must respond to demands for fairness and ensure that the laws regulating those occupations are reformed to ensure equitable access to quality careers.
Contact your state representatives and let them know now is the time for transformative fair chance licensing reforms.
Read and download NELPâ€™s new state fact sheets now.
This blog originally appeared at NELP on December 23, 2020. Reprinted with permission.
About the Author: Beth Avery, senior staff attorney, joined NELP in 2015 and has supported NELPâ€™s efforts to create more diverse, inclusive, and equitable workplaces by providing legal and technical assistance on removing unfair barriers to employment.