This was a Teamsters convention like no otherâ€”and not just because it was held online, avoiding the usual Las Vegas spectacle where a few brave reformers run a gauntlet of booing red-vested delegates.
Even in person, the 2021 convention wouldnâ€™t have gone down that way. The opposition slate didnâ€™t just squeak past the 5 percent of delegates required to get on the ballot, as it often has before.
This time it pulled half the votesâ€”reflecting a power shift in the union.
All 1.3 million Teamsters have the right to vote on their top officers. Now that the slates are nominated, members will be mailed a ballot on October 4; votes will be counted November 15.
At the convention, members of the durable reform movement Teamsters for a Democratic Union and their allies achieved constitutional amendments theyâ€™ve been seeking for decades.
For one, they won majority rule on contracts. Delegates voted to end the two-thirds loophole, which let leaders force a contract through unless a supermajority voted no; President James P. Hoffa sparked fury in 2018 when he imposed a UPS pact where membersâ€™ top concerns were ignored or worse.
About that out-of-touch contract: delegates also wrote into the constitution that every bargaining committee from now on has to include rank and filers.
And they voted to distribute strike benefits from day one, not day eightâ€”reflecting a growing willingness to put the ultimate weapon on the table. The 320,000 UPS Teamsters are looking ahead to the 2023 contract.
â€śYou always want that tool in your toolbox,â€ť said Willie Ford, reform president of Local 71 in Charlotte, North Carolina, and a candidate for trustee on the TDU-backed Teamsters United slate. â€śYou may not have to use it, but it needs to be there.â€ť
â€śThe international union treats our members like theyâ€™re stupid, and theyâ€™re not,â€ť said Fred Zuckerman, president of Louisville Local 89 and second on the Teamsters United ticket. â€śTheyâ€™re very intelligent. They know whatâ€™s going on. We have found out that our members are willing to take on a fight, as long as leaders have their back.â€ť
A few reform proposals went down to defeat. One would have protected the 5 percent nomination threshold. Raising it to 10 percent, something incumbents have threatened, would have kept the last four opposition slates off the ballot. Other proposals would have plugged a loophole on the officer salary cap and made rank-and-file experience a prerequisite for top office.
OLD ALLIANCES FRACTURE
â€śThereâ€™s definitely a thirst for change,â€ť said Sean Oâ€™Brien, who leads the Teamsters United slate, â€śbecause thereâ€™s been 20 years of complacency. Thereâ€™s been ineffective organizing. Thereâ€™s been a lack of political action.â€ť Oâ€™Brien heads Boston Local 25 and New England Joint Council 10.
If elected he plans to clean house in division leadership roles around the country, end the communication â€śbrownoutâ€ť in contract negotiations, and fight to reverse the UPS concessions.
â€śWeâ€™re going to ask for as much member participation as possible,â€ť Oâ€™Brien said. â€śYouâ€™re going to see a more active, more militant union.â€ť
In the delegate vote to nominate candidates, Oâ€™Brien beat out his rival on the Hoffa-backed Teamster Power slate, International Vice President and Rocky Mountain Joint Council 3 President Steve Vairma, 52-48 percent.
All the at-large Teamsters United candidates won about half the delegates. Thatâ€™s a far cry from theÂ single digits the opposition usually scoresÂ at the conventionâ€”even the 2016 slate, whichÂ nearly toppled HoffaÂ in the popular vote.
Typically the delegates are a tough crowd. Many are local union officers who have made their own bargains with the international leadership to get and keep power. So the even split this year shows that some local officers see which way the wind is blowing.
It also reflects a mood in the membership. Out campaigning, Ford said, heâ€™s finding that the grassroots fight over the past six years to save Central States pensions has riled up freight Teamsters: â€śPeople lose faith in the leadership when something youâ€™ve worked so hard for all your life seemed to be going down the drain.â€ť
And at UPS, members are living the bad contract. Since the pandemic began, many delivery drivers are almost hitting the weekly legal maximum of 70 hours behind the wheel. â€śThat is really taxing on their body,â€ť Ford said. â€śSomething has to be done.â€ť
The online convention was a quirky spectacle. Speakers joined by phone while the video showed only the chair, Hoffa, who grimaced and walked off screen during one impassioned speech.
Many of the unseen convention delegates werenâ€™t sitting at home in their bathrobes; they gathered regionally. Gabriella Killpack, a UPS driver and local trustee from Salt Lake City, got a taste of the traditional vitriol as one of just a handful of Teamsters United delegates in Denverâ€”Vairmaâ€™s home turf.
The crowd there booed Killpack when she spoke on the virtual convention floor. A man followed her outside to call her a coward. Another person kept threatening her: â€śSome people here want to beat you the f— up.â€ť
Killpack was shocked at the intense animosity. â€śIt just blew my mind,â€ť she said. â€śBut itâ€™s also kind of invigorating. They couldnâ€™t even handle one person supporting the reform slate. The old guard of the Teamsters are paper tigers.â€ť
Vairma and two other Teamster Power candidates did not respond to interview requests for this article.
EX-FOES TEAM UP
The campaign kicked off three years ago when Zuckerman and Oâ€™Brien announced they were teaming up, long before Hoffa announced his retirement and recruited Vairma as his successor.
TDU members ultimately voted to back the slateâ€”some with enthusiasm, others with trepidation. Oâ€™Brien was an old foe who had run and won on Hoffaâ€™s ticket beforeâ€”a talking point the Vairma campaign is now making hay of.
But Oâ€™Brien took his job seriously as chief UPS negotiator in 2017. He reached out to opposition leaders to build the contract campaign; he insisted Zuckerman should be on the bargaining team. Hoffa then fired him as package division director.
TDU local leaders in the Northeastâ€”the ones who had fought Oâ€™Brien most bitterly over the yearsâ€”now call him their strong ally. Juan Campos, another powerhouse who leads a 15,000-member local in Chicago, joined the slate too.
The 2016 incarnation of Teamsters United fell just short of a win, with 49 percent of the vote. Now with an expanded coalition, it looks strong enough to go the distance.
SHOP FLOOR COMES FIRST
But for a reform movement, thereâ€™s an upside to the rank and file going into victory with a healthy skepticism of the leaders they elect. Members will recognize the need to keep mobilizing and pushing from below.
With the nomination secured, candidates and activists are hitting the road to talk with as many Teamsters as possible. Supporters are signing a pledge card that will be mailed back to them as a get-out-the-vote reminder.
In her local, Killpack is both campaigning for the slate and promoting collective action among overworked UPS drivers. By the end of the summer she aims to bring drivers together for parking lot meetings, then rallies with demands.
â€śOur primary objective is rank-and-file Teamsters organizing Teamsters over our issues,â€ť she said. â€śA change in leadership only works if we also get members to step up and take on these fights. If the members arenâ€™t activated and organized, then we have nothing.â€ť
This blog originally appeared at Labor Notes on July 14, 2021. Reprinted with permission.
About the author: Alexandra Bradbury is the editor of Labor Notes