Magdalena Zylinska has been working in peopleâ€™s homes for most of the last two decades since she came to the United States from Poland. She spent some time as a nanny and a caregiver, but since 1997, sheâ€™s been a full-time housekeeper.
But it wasnâ€™t until she took classes with Arise Chicago, a worker organization, in 2013 that she realized how few protections she had on the job. Domestic workers across the country arenâ€™t protected by basic workplace regulations like requirements that they be paid minimum wage, given days off, or be free from harassment.
Sheâ€™d already had some brushes with these challenges. On one job cleaning up a house after a construction company came in and did work, she says the contractor refused to pay her $1,000 she was owed. â€śThere were really no regulations,â€ť she said, and it would have been too costly and complicated to go to court seeking her money. â€śItâ€™s really not worth it for us to spend the time and money and taking days off to go after that.â€ť On top of that, employers will regularly hire her for one set of duties at a particular rate and then pack on more and more responsibilities without more pay.
So three years ago, Zylinska decided to do something about it and get involved with the fight to pass a Domestic Workers Bill of Rights in Illionis, similar to those on the books in California, Hawaii, Massachusetts, New York, and Oregon. She traveled to the state capitol in Springfield and even as far as Washington, D.C. in pursuit of expanded rights.
And this week she and her fellow domestic workers tasted victory. The bill of rights they had been trying to move forward passed the stateâ€™s Senate and has already passed the House, so it will soon head to Gov. Bruce Raunerâ€™s (R) desk.
The bill, if it gets signed into law, will guarantee domestic workers â€” including housekeepers like Zylinska as well as nannies and home care workers â€” the right to make minimum wage, be paid for all hours they work, get one day off a week, and be protected from sexual harassment at work. A 2012 survey of domestic workers across the country found that a quarter were paid less than minimum wage, leaving many in tough financial circumstances â€” 20 percent had to go without food because they couldnâ€™t afford any. A third said they worked long hours without breaks while 85 percent said they didnâ€™t get overtime pay. And 20 percent said they have faced threats, insults, or verbal abuse. But nearly all of those who experienced problems at work didnâ€™t complain for fear of risking their jobs.
Itâ€™s still unclear whether Rauner will sign the bill, and his office did not respond to a request for comment. But those at the National Domestic Workers Alliance, who were also involved in fighting for the bill, are optimistic given that it unanimously passed the Senate with bipartisan support. â€śAs an organization, we feel confident that the Governor will see the value of singing the bill into a law,â€ť said a spokesperson for the organization.
Zylinska is also feeling confident. â€śI think they realize that domestic workers make all the work possible and theyâ€™re very crucial to the economy,â€ť she said. â€śI just hope the governor really will see that itâ€™s really necessary for us to be protected.â€ť
â€śWe only want to be recognized as domestic workers, workers that have basic protection,â€ť she added. â€śAll we want is respect.â€ť
This blog originally appeared at Thinkprogress.org on May 12, 2016. Reprinted with permission.
Bryce CovertÂ is the Economic Policy Editor for ThinkProgress. Her writing has appeared in the New York Times, The New York Daily News, New York Magazine, Slate, The New Republic, and others. She has appeared on ABC, CBS, MSNBC, and other outlets.