Following laborâs loss in Wisconsinâs recall, the leader of the nation’s largest transit union says building coalitions with riders, not organizing more drivers, is the top priority for his unionâs future. Interviewed at last monthâs Netroots Nation conference, Amalgamated Transit Union President Larry Hanley said that Wisconsinitesâ willingness to keep their union-busting governor in office demonstrates the urgent need to change the relationship between public workers and the American public. âNo matter how much money we put into electoral politics,â said Hanley, âif we canât change the attitudes of peopleâŚweâll lose. Itâs just a matter of when and how hard.â
âI think Wisconsin shows,â says Hanley, âthat at this moment in time, the right wing and the billionaires who support them have been successful in convincing a significant minority of working people that their interests are tied to falling wages in the public sector.â Hanley adds that Walkerâs re-election demonstrates politiciansâ success in framing unions as a âspecial interest,â and âsaying there are working people, and then thereâs organized labor.â Hanley noted he was particularly surprised by polls showing a substantial minority of union households backing Walker. âWe have to â starting with our own members â make sure that people understand that weâre all in this together, weâre not all in this aloneâŚitâs going to be a long process.â
ATU represents over 190,000 workers in the US and Canada. The majority are public workers, although the majority of ATUâs contracts are with private companies like Greyhound. A year and a half ago, ATU began shifting resources into organizing coalitions with transit riders to support public transit. With the policy resource center Good Jobs First, ATU has held two rider organizing âboot campsâ for activists and union leaders from 95 cities. Last month, those efforts entered a new phase with the launch of Americans for Transit, a new national organization backed by ATU and GJF. Hanley chairs Americans for Transitâs Board; GJF Executive Director Greg LeRoy is its secretary-treasurer. They tapped Andrew Austin, the former field director of Washington Stateâs Transportation Choices Coalition, as the organizationâs founding executive director.
Austin highlights his groupâs success in getting a King County, WA Republican councilmember to back a tax increase in order to stave off a 20% service cut. He says aggressive turnout efforts, including leafleting on buses, paid off when riders formed a line âalmost a mile out the doorâ to attend the first hearing on the issue. âThe story in all the major media switched from about King County Council wants to raise your $20 car tabs to pissed-off bus riders angry about losing serviceâŚthe story never went back.â
While some major cities have well-established permanent ridersâ organizations, Austin says in âa lot of places thereâs just no sustained effort.â Unlike bike riders, Austin says that for most bus riders, âitâs just what they doâŚthey donât identify themselves as that, so thatâs one of the challenges.â Austin adds that, âThe transit union canât succeed if thereâs not a grassroots movement for transit and transit riders and transit advocates across the country…Most drivers are working class or poor people, so I think thereâs a natural solidarity there.â But he says absent organizing, anecdotes about outrageous union benefits can still get traction.
The context is austerity. ATU and GJF note that in the recession, ridership has reached its highest level in decades, just as 85% of transit agencies have raised fares, cut service, or borrowed money. Hanley sees a dual threat: proposals to balance budgets by slashing service, and calls to cut workersâ benefits so service can be saved. Hanley says local politicians âcreate a fiction in which only the people who depend upon the service and the people who depend upon the service for jobs are the players, and they take out all the other taxpayers from the discussion.â As Mike Elk reported, among the budget alternatives pushed by ATU and its allies is a call for banks to renegotiate interest rate swaps deals signed with cities early in the financial crisis.
Hanley charges that in order to “cleave the working class,” Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel âliedâ about the driversâ union contract, portraying the ten minutes provided for drivers to inspect their vehicles at the beginning of their shifts as an indulgent paid âcoffee break.â He says Emanuelâs willingness to mislead the public shows that the âvery powerfulâ see the importance of allying themselves with transit riders, and his union has to do the same.
Hanley says that with âabout 100 riders for every memberâ of ATU, the union needs âto get, first of all, our members talking to the riders in a more political sense than they have been. I mean everyone says good morning and good night, but thereâs not much more going on in most places.â
If the coalition effort is successful, says Hanley, raising transit fares will eventually become politically dangerous in the same way that raising taxes is today. Attempts to cut service will be met by âan organized lobby screaming and saying we need better transit. Donât build the bridge to nowhereâbuild the bus to someplace.â He adds, âwe want our pastors to see us as allies, and we know when that happens, then people like Rahm canât come in and say, âOh, they make too much money.ââ
ATUâs new focus comes with a cost: a shift of resources away from organizing more driversâpublic sector or privateâinto the union. While ATU has continued to do some new worker organizing, Hanley says, âI could go out and organize 100,000 people and spend a fortune trying to get them contracts, but what am I doing to change the overall picture by doing that? Not enoughâŚweâre on a trajectory that has to be turned around too quickly.â
Hanley argues that the US labor movement has been too slow in responding to intensifying threats, and too quick to offer concessions: âMy view is youâre feeding jelly beans to the bear, because at some point, youâre going to say no, Iâm not going to feed the bear anymoreâI ran out of jelly beans. And then youâre going to have a fight. So the question is when do you have the fight?â That said, notes Hanley, âsometimes you do make concessions, you have to.â
Hanley says conservatives have been successful at isolating public workers by âpromoting jealousy over unityâ and exploiting âracial messagesâŚjust like Ronald Reagan, âwelfare queens.ââ The subtext, says Hanley, is âthose are benefits for other people, not for us.â But he draws hope from recent local referenda in which voters have chosen to raise their taxes in order to fund transitâincluding in Wisconsin.
Hanley contrasts the current atmosphere of resentment with the attitudes he saw on September 11, 2011: âIt was like the first time in my whole career where I thought that average people really understood the value of government services, and the fact that when the bell rings, our guys are the ones that go in. And the idea that a few years later, thereâs this sweeping attack, saying the people who did that arenât entitled to pensions, arenât entitled to healthcare, make too much money, itâs just amazing to me. Itâs [an] amazing turnaround in the public framing of how our society works.â
This blog originally appeared in Working In These Times on July 9, 2012. Reprinted with permission.
About the Author: Josh Eidelson is a freelance writer and a contributor at In These Times, The American Prospect, Dissent, and Alternet. After receiving his MA in Political Science, he worked as a union organizer for five years. His website is http://www.josheidelson.com.