Many countries around the world, including the United States, depend onÂ immigrant labor to boost economic development, but do not protect the rights of their immigrant workers. Trade union representatives at the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GMFD) meeting in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, last week called on the worldâ€™s governments to respect and protect the rights of migrant workers.
In a statement, the global unions said governments must be vigilant in fighting against racism and xenophobia, which are on the rise in several countries. They also urged countries to ratify the International Labor Organization (ILO) conventions on migrant workers, eliminate abusive guest worker programs and assure the rights of domestic workers.
Says Ambet Yuson, general secretary of the Geneva-based Building and Wood Workers International:
Migrant workers contribute to the economic and social development; however, they are consistently marginalized, exploited, and abused. It is the fundamental responsibility of all governments to protect the rights of migrant workers.
While each country has its own particular experiences with migration,Â several common themes emerged at the conference. For example,Â nearly all the union representatives told of efforts to defend domestic workers from human rights abuses. In June 2010, the ILOÂ took a giant step forward in theÂ struggle to create workplace justice for the millions of housekeepers, nannies and other domestic workers around the world, by beginning the Â process to establish a first-ever international standard (â€śconventionâ€ť) to protect the rights of domestic workers. If the convention is passed at the ILOâ€™s meeting in 2011, it would require governments that ratify it to ensure domestic workers are covered by the fundamental rights and principles of the ILO, which include the freedom to form unions, elimination of forced labor, abolition of child labor and the elimination of discrimination.
Migrant workers face horrific treatment ranging from rape to torture, Ana AvendaĂ±o, assistant to AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka said in an interview with Frontera Norte Sur, a publication of the Center for Latin American and Border Studies at New Mexico State University.
The AFL-CIO and its affiliated unions are working to protect migrant workers by helping them join unions and fighting for their rights under the law,Â AvendaĂ±o said. TheÂ AFL-CIO is actively supporting an international campaign to ratify the new convention on domestic workers.
â€śDomestic work is a particular kind of work, not just because it takes place in the household, but also because of its fundamental importance in the very fabric of society,â€ť according to a statement by RESPECT, a European network of domestic worker groups and supporters.
Without provision for child care, care for the elderly, cooking and cleaning, society simply couldnâ€™t function.
In the United States, New York State recently enacted a law that gives basic labor rights to domestic workers. Nationally, the AFL-CIO is supporting independent domestic worker efforts to form unions,Â AvendaĂ±o added, as well as a new initiative called the Excluded Workers Congress that brings together domestic workers, day laborers, taxi drivers, farmworkers, unemployable ex-felons, and other people at the margins of the economy.
To read the Global Unionsâ€™ statement click here.
This article originally appeared on AFL-CIO Now Blog.
About the Author: James Parks had his first encounter with unions at Gannettâ€™s newspaper in Cincinnati when his colleagues in the newsroom tried to organize a unit of The Newspaper Guild. He is a journalist by trade, and worked for newspapers in five different states before joining the AFL-CIO staff in 1990. His proudest career moment, though, was when he served, along with other union members and staff, as an official observer for South Africaâ€™s first multiracial elections. Author photo by Joe Kekeris